Anesthesia And Patient Monitoring
Pet anesthesia and patient monitoring varies greatly among clinics. When you choose your veterinarian, be sure to question the types of anesthetics used and the protocols for monitoring anesthesia. Often the more expensive anesthetics are safer to use; however, anesthetics are also chosen for other reasons including their ability to control pain. We require blood testing before we put any patient under anesthesia.
A local anesthetic causes a loss of sensation to a ‘local’ area. Small surgical or diagnostic procedures may require a local anesthetic to perform them. Small lacerations or minor biopsies are common diagnostic procedures where local anesthetic can be used to control pain.
Tranquilization And Sedation
Tranquilization or sedation is used to calm an animal under various conditions. The animal remains awake or may ‘sleep’ but is easily aroused when stimulated. Pet owners frequently request sedation for their animals during travel, thunderstorms, fireworks, etc. Sedation and tranquilization are not without risk and each animal should be assessed prior to dispensing these medicines.
A general anesthetic results in a loss of consciousness in the animal and a loss of sensation throughout the body. Most general anesthetic procedures involve several steps beginning with the administration of a sedative. An intravenous injection of an anesthetic renders the animal unconscious while a breathing tube is placed into the animal’s trachea. A gas anesthetic is delivered in combination with oxygen to the animal via the breathing tube to maintain the state of unconsciousness.
Although general anesthetics are significantly safer than they have been in the past, there is still the remote chance of an anesthetic complication. There are many ways to reduce the risk associated with anesthesia including a thorough physical examination, blood work prior to anesthesia, IV catheter and fluids during anesthesia Anesthetic monitoring equipment and protocol can also contribute to a safer anesthesia. At Legacy Animal Medical Center we are continuously monitoring your pets heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature, blood pressure and oxygen levels throughout the procedure